When you go to a dentist and extract one of your adult teeth, you should consider a suitable replacement for your missing tooth unless your jaw bone starts to deteriorate. Activities like chewing or biting stimulate your bone to keep healthy, and if you have a missing tooth, the alveolar bone starts to break down when there is no necessary stimulation. Your body assumes that it no longer requires this part of your jawbone and the deterioration process begins as a result. Based on an article of Faze.ca, Dr. Behnam Bohlouli from Smile Point Dental claims that the alveolar shrinkage or deterioration may get minimized by ridge preservation after tooth extraction.
The extent of the deterioration process is drastically dependent on an individual’s condition. Still, we can say that the eighteen months after tooth extraction or knocked-out tooth, the jaw bone starts to deteriorate.
Jaw Bone Degeneration Due to Periodontal Disease
Persistent infection of the gums is considered a periodontal disease that, step by step, destroys the support your teeth need. This disease will negatively impact one or more of the periodontal tissues, such as alveolar bone or gingiva.
Dental plaque is the leading reason for gingivitis, especially in those who are genetic- susceptible. The sticky and colorless substance that is composed of food particles and different kinds of bacteria is called dental plaque. Dental plaque sticks to your teeth and below the gum barrier. Dental plaque is forming on your teeth nonstop and even some minutes after you clean your teeth. Bacteria in dental plaque cause toxins to produce that irritate your teeth and gum. Then your gums become red, swollen, and may bleed easily when brushing and flossing.
You should never underestimate the role of brushing and dental flossing in maintaining good oral hygiene. If you don’t care enough about flossing and brushing, the dental plaque will harden and turn into a firm substance called tartar. We should note that periodontitis will cause your bone to deteriorate gradually, and you may even lose some of your teeth.
Dentures and Bone Loss
Conventional dentures are placed on your gum. However, they can’t provide the required stimulation to the alveolar bone and prevent bone loss. Traditional dentures also may cause your trouble speaking and chewing. Besides, the process of jaw bone degeneration may progress so that your bone can not hold the denture firmly as these kinds of dentures need your jaw bone support. You should remember that your denture’s proper care, regular refit, and repair are necessary for your oral health and prevent jaw bone deterioration.
If proper anchors support the denture, this will help to create stimulation for your jaw bone adequately.
Trauma and Bone Deterioration
In the event of a knocked-out or broken tooth, there won’t be enough stimulation for your jaw bone, and bone loss happens as a result. If you lose your jaw bone density, you may need bone grafting surgery and dental implants. Dental implants will appropriately replace your missing or knocked-out tooth and stop the bone deterioration.