Dosimeters measure, calculate, and assign absorbed doses to individuals by measuring, calculating, and assigning them to individuals. With the help of radiation physics, it is possible to determine what changes a radiation field causes chemically or biologically in a target. Radiation exposure is divided into external and internal exposures, so dosimetry is also classified as:

External dosimetry: 

When radiation is emitted from outside of our body and interacts with us, we are exposed to external radiation. As a result, we focus on gamma and beta particles since alpha particles cannot penetrate the skin, therefore they do not pose a threat to external exposure in this case. This, therefore, greatly influences their detection methods and dosimetry.

Internal dosimetry:

Radiation that enters our bodies through ingestion is known as internal exposure. Through a variety of routes such as food contamination with radioactive particles or liquid contamination with radioactive particles, radiation can be ingested. Preventing internal exposure can be challenging. Monitoring, bio-assays, and radiation imaging can be used to determine radiation dosimetry internally.

centro de dosimetría radiológica

Personal dosimetry:

The importance of personal dosimetry in centro de dosimetría radiológica cannot be overstated. A personal dosimeter measures the doses individuals receive during their work activities which have been exposed to radiation. The doses are normally measured with devices called dosimeters.

Different methods of dosimetry are used depending partly on whether radiation is taken in from the outside or emitted from it. Radiation exposure from the outside is measured using a personal dosimeter. In most cases, the body’s internal exposures can be measured by counting how many nuclear substances it contains or by counting how much it excretes.

Medical dosimetry

The purpose of medical dosimetry is to calculate absorbed doses and optimize them during various medical tests and procedures. Radiation exposure for medical diagnostic examinations is relatively low (especially when used for diagnostic purposes). Even though high doses are possible for therapeutic purposes only, they always must be justified by accurate diagnosis or accurate treatment in every case. There are several types of radiation therapy, clinical nuclear medicine, medical diagnostic radiology (diagnostic X-rays), and medical diagnostic radiology involved. Most often, centro de dosimetría radiológica in medicine is performed by a health physicist trained in that field. The most common method of calculating radiation therapy dose profiles and percent depth dose curves is by medical physicists.

Environmental dosimetry

When the environment is likely to generate significant doses of radiation, we use an environmental dose meter. The radiation environment is constant. The radiation environment surrounds us at all times. Energies are natural forces that we are constantly exposed to. As soon as our planet was born, it became a part of our natural world.